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UNESCO world heritage sites in Pakistan


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UNESCO is basically the organization that promotes different well known sites for the education, scientific and cultural purposes. There are different places which are included in the heritage lists.

They all are regarded as the best ones. Pakistan is famous for containing various amazing heritage sites where trips can be planned for several hours or weekend for each of these sites. This country can be a tourist paradise because almost all of the heritage sites are well preserved and maintained. There are a lot of things to do at these places including many activities and events. Accommodation and traveling is also never a problem as most of these UNESCO sites are located near the main cities. Tours can be organized very easily where as different educational organizations also manage trips to different places. There are many well known tour groups of Pakistan which on and off plan new trips to the heritage sites and many other places.

The UNESCO world heritage sites in Pakistan are:

Archeological ruins of Mohenjo-Daro
Indus Valley is well known for its culture, heritage and life style. Mohenjo-Daro stands among the ancient civilizations of the world. This is regarded as the city from the 3rd millennium BC and is entirely made with unbaked bricks and mud. This past of early town planning system is regarded as the ideal structure of that time and is regarded among the largest civilization ruins in the whole world. There is everything in the ruins including the major locations of the town. Perfect planning of the life style and needs of that time can be seen where as certain human remains were also found which are kept in the museum. This is accessible from Karachi by road where as there is an airport near Mohenjo-Daro. The ruins spread along the banks of Indus River and it is a wonderful place for trip. There is an Archeological rent house and PTDC motel for accommodation. They provide restaurant facility to the visitors where as motel has nine rooms where people can stay as well. As the name describes Mohenjo-Daro is the city of dead and is under the insurance of department of archeology and museums, Pakistan. Usually explorers and tourists visit this area but this is also a wonderful place for leisure travelers. Many guides are also available to provide complete information about the culture and lifestyle of those ancient people.

Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and neighboring city remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol
Takht-i-Bahi was founded in the early 1st century that is also known as the Throne of origins. Another nearby site is the Sahr-i-bahlol which are ruins of a city. They are kept under the UNESCO world heritage sites and marked as the educational and scientific purposes. It also keeps significant importance for the Buddhists. There are Stupas, stupa court, group of stupa, meditation cells, secular buildings and conference halls. Different stone sculptures are also preserved in the Peshawar museum and Lahore Museum. The Original sculpture of the first century BC is kept at the Lahore museum which is taken from the Buddhist ruins. Both of the tourist attractions, Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and neighboring city remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol are very well preserved. They are located near Peshawar and Mardan. The stay at these places is interesting because surroundings have the cultivation of sugar cane, orchids, maze and wheat. Accommodation is also available there at the nearby hotels in the cities. The ruins contain many alcove or chapels which make it very interesting. Usually people also plan the holy tours to the place for more devotion and memorial of the Buddha. In the entire area of Sahr-i-Bahlol the villages are found where ancient things are commonly found while cultivation which are purchased by the antique dealers.

Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore
Fort and shalamar gardens in Lahore are very famous tourist attractions of the city. They are the brilliant planning and architectural structures from the Mughal civilization. It is marked as the biggest Muslim king’s empire of subcontinent. Both of the fort and parks are spectacular sites which are well preserved and remain on extreme boom of beauty. The splendid gardens have waterfalls, fountains, handmade design patterns, terraces with lodges and large ponds which are ornamented by the handmade stone carvings. These are remarked as world famous cultural sites. Local community of Lahore is very much into these places. There are many restaurants, hotels and cinemas near them where visitors can get more places to visit. There are many parts of Lahore fort which portray the lifestyle of kings. Shalamar gardens are the perfect example of the splendor of the king’s gardens. Government of Pakistan is working hard on preserving these heritages. Many care takers are appointed for this purpose, to keep these sites in their full bloom. People from all over the world come to visit this site. This is a proper tourism spot where people enjoy the picnic with their friends and family. There is no place to stay inside the fort or gardens where as there are many accommodations easily available near them. Lahore fort has many night life and interesting activities near it and the typical traditional flavors of Lahore can be tasted at this place.

Historical monuments at Makli, Thatta
Thatta Makli hill is basically the site of necropolises in the world. These are the burial places of around 125000 people among which some are sufis, saints and kings. These are included in the world heritage sites by UNESCO because of the stone carved graved and mausoleums. They also have the educational significance for the explorers. This is a very unique place to see three civilization emperor burials. The enormous cemetery of Sindh is located near the Indus river delta and along side of the city Thatta. This city was assumed as the Islamic center during 14th to 18th century. Basically there are a number of burials, tombs and graves of different people who ruled at the ancient Sindh so this place can be visited for several hours. Necropolis of Sindh has strong social and political influence. People from all over the world visit this place to see the huge cemetery. The nearby place to stay is Thatta where accommodation is also available. Burials are kept carefully and well preserved to maintain this cultural site. Being included among the world heritage sites, this is more carefully handled by the government. Different places for eating and activities are also offered at the nearby areas where the things can be enjoyed more.

Rohtas fort
This is a very famous heritage site near jehlum. It got more significance because it was constructed by Sher shah suri. This is the best example of early Muslim military and architecture planning. It is totally constructed on the irregular earth surface. Walls of the fort spread on a huge area where as inside there are different chambers, prisons and many other things are located. It is a strategic place which was especially designed to bear war and climate changes. It is made by strong and powerful stone walls. The construction was done with the perfect military planning to bear war equipments so even after centuries, Rohtas fort is still in its original condition. There are 12 monumental gate ways to it. This is due perfect portrait of the ancient Muslim art and decorum of the Sher Shah dynasty. This is basically an example of military and architectural planning due to that UNESCO has it in the heritage site list because of the political, social and educational significance.

There is a museum in the Rohtas fort where arms, weapons and many other war equipments of that time are preserved. This is a tourism attraction of jehlum and is a proper picnic spot. Each year the tours of many explorers, architecture learners, educational institutes and leisure visitors are planned. There are many activities to do at Rohtas fort. There are different restaurants and small hotels near to it. The mosque and a well is also famous parts of the fort that worth visiting. There is the proper water supply planning in the fort that is passed from the nearby wells which provides sufficient water to the entire fort. Calligraphy inscriptions and guns places makes it very interesting place worth a visit.

Pakistan is amalgamated with many cultures and traditions. Taxila shows the ancient stages of in Indus city developments and was influenced by Persia, Greece and Central Asia. This is added in the world heritage sites due to the tourism significance. This is near to the capital of the country, Islamabad and a place worth visiting. Different means of transportation are available for easy access to the city. Railway, busses and public transport is provided for this purpose. The importance of Taxila is basically ancient Buddhism and art of Gandhara. This is open to public and a number of visitors come frequently to explore this place.

It has Greek, Persian and Indian art significance from 1st to 3rd century whose traces are somehow found here. The city was destroyed by white huns in the 5th century due to that the major part of ancient history was removed. The excavation was started in eighteenth century again through which major part was rescued, preserved and kept in the b museum. This is basically a group of three cities and multicultural people who belongs from different Tribes and religions. This is also regarded among the trade routes of Pakistan which enhances the tourism of the city.

Nominated Sites of the UNESCO
There are a lot of sites from the whole world which are under discussion of UNESCO where as they are chosen on certain criteria. Majority of the places in Pakistan are nominated due to the tourism, educational, historical and political aspects. The Sites includes in the UNESCO tentative list are

  • Badshahi Mosqueis an amazing place for the religious importance in the Mughal Empire and is adjacent to the Lahore fort. This is an amazing piece of art and a worth visiting site.

  • Tomb of Jahangir, asif khan and akbari sarai that is a Mausoleum and two places built in the seventeenth century.

  • Rani Kot fort in Dadu is the ancient and largest fort in the world due to that it is nominated by UNESCO world heritage sites.

  • Hiran minar and Tank is locate in Sheikhupura, near Lahore it was constructed by Mughal emperor Jahangir and due to the architectural specialty included among the UNESCO tentative places.

  • Sindh and Balochistan sides are part of the ancient Indus valley civilization due to there are many places located among them. Rehman Dheri- Dera Ismail khan stands among the historical ruins of Indus Valley.

  • Harrapa is adjacent to Mohenjo-Daro and is also a part of the Indus valley civilization. Mohenjo-Daro is already in the list of heritage sites where as Harrapa is the Bronze age civilization that is nominated among the world heritage sites.