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Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK)

One of the provinces of Pakistan formerly called North-west Frontier Province (NWFP). Its western and southern borders are connected to Federal administrative Tribal Areas (FATA), Gilgit-Baltistan is in the northeast, Azad Kashmir is in the east, Punjab and Islamabad to the southeast, Afghanistan lies in the west, and Balochistan is located in the south. The famous Khyber Pass is a route to go into Afghanistan from KPK, where as Azad Kashmir is connected to rest of the Pakistan via Kohalla Bridge constructed over the river Jhelum in the east-Abottabad.

KPK occupies an area of around 74000 square km. On Equator the KPK province is divided into northern and southern zones. The North zone: starts from the Hindu Kush range and lead towards the borders of Peshawar. The South zone: include the area extending beyond Peshawar and up to the Derajat. Heavy rainfall is experienced in the North Zone and the weather is pleasant during summer. In winters the temperature drops down below the freezing point. Particularly, Peshawar is hot during the summer and cold in winters. Moderate rainfall is observed in the southern zone. Therefore, the region observes dry and hot weather in summer, but becomes cold during winter. The major rivers that flow through the province are; Kabul, Swat, Chitral, Kunar, Siran, Panjkora, Bara, Kurram, Dor, Haroo, Gomal and Zhob.

Administratively, the province is divided into districts i.e;
  • Peshawar (Main City)
  • Mardan
  • SWABI Charsadda
  • Dera Ismail Khan (Main City)
  • Lakki Marwat
  • Kohistan
  • Kohat (Main City)
  • Hanhu (Main City)
  • Abbottabad (Main City)
  • Haripur
  • Mansehra
  • Battagram
  • Swat
  • Upper Dir
  • Lower Dir
  • Chitral
  • Buner D
  • Bannu
  • Karak.
Khyber Pakhtunkwa (KPK) a beautiful place on the earth exhibits natural scene, that speaks itself about its creator and the powers he holds. The lush green valleys, peaks covered with snow and the flowing rivers are worth visiting, as they are the real attraction for the tourist.

Map of KPK.jpg

About People of Khyber Pakhtunkwa

The tribal system in the province is very strong, and the individuals are ordinarily distinguished by the names of their tribes. Historically Pashtuns is considered the main residents living in the province for centuries. After the Afghan war, many Afghani families also migrated to this region and settled down permanently. More than 1.5 million Afghans have been registered as Afghan citizens. Generally, these Afghanis are Pashtuns belongs to the Tajiks, Hazaras and other groups.

As a ground reality, more than thirty tribes are present in the province, which include both Pashtun and Non-Pashtuns tribes. Islam is the main religious belief practiced by Pashtun, but small communities of Hindus, Sikhs and Christians also lives here.

The masses of this region are strongly connected to their culture and faith. They are renowned for their dedication towards their religion, country, friends and guest. People visiting KPK talks about the hospitality of the people living there.

Traditional Food: includes Chicken Broast, Baked Chicken, Sajji (mutton roast), Chicken Karahi, Mutton Karahi, Beaf Karahi, Chapli Kabab and Special green tea.

Handicraft of KPK: People of KPK are very skilled and capable of manufacturing, handicrafts, furniture, garments, alloys pottery, clay pottery, bamboo handicrafts, Special types of foot ware and more. Carving on wood is the exceptional work performed by the people of KPK.


Folk music: a part of culture enjoyed by the locals and exhibited worldwide on different occasions and in local and international festivals. Hindko and Pashto folk music are popular as a rich tradition in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Khower Folk music is played in the region Chitral and north swat. The instrument played to form music includes; Rubab, Mangey, Harmonium, Chitrali Sitar and Surnai.

Languages spoken in the region:
  • Urdu: is the national language spoken and understood by the people.
  • Pakhto: The main tribal language spoken by the people in the province.
  • Hindko: Language relevant to Punjabi, generally spoken by the people of Kohat, Peshawar, Abbottabad and Haripur-Hazara division.
  • Saraiki: Spoken by the people of DI Khan and Tonk.
  • Chitrali: Spoken in the district of Chitral.
  • Punjabi: Spoken in the region, but in the cities and cantonment areas.
  • Kohistani: Spoken by the people of North.
  • Gojri: Spoken by the minorities in the northern region.
  • Other languages: includes Dari/Hazaragi/Tajik and varieties of Persian spoken by Afghans. Kashmiri, Shina, Romani, Bursuhaski, Wakhi, Balti, Brahui, Sindhi. English is spoken officially and in tourism.
In the past the disagreements upon cultural and religious affairs were present in the province. The reason was less education among both males and the females. But, now the situation is drastically changing. People are realizing the importance of education and the literacy rate is improving gradually. People are encouraged to send their children to schools and various steps are taken privately and by the government to bring improvement in the educational system of the province. Further, different measure has been taken to enhance the security of the province for the local people and the foreigners visiting these areas as a tourist.
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